Germany Travel Guide

Germany Travel Guide

by Cecilia Dos Santos
germany travel guide


This is Germany travel guide for you who are interested in traveling to Germany. When it comes to diverse and captivating travel destinations, few places can rival the allure of Germany. From its rich history and stunning architecture to its vibrant culture and breathtaking landscapes, Germany offers a multitude of experiences for every kind of traveler. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, an art lover, a nature seeker, or a food connoisseur, Germany has something extraordinary to offer. However, careful planning and thorough research are essential to make the most of your visit to Germany.

In this Germany travel guide, we will delve into the must-visit cities and the unique experiences they offer and provide you with valuable tips to ensure an unforgettable journey through this fascinating country. More than that, we will also include an itinerary for your trip to Germany. So, pack your bags, fasten your seatbelts, and get ready to embark on a remarkable adventure as we unveil the wonders that await you in Germany.

Basic Facts about Germany

facts about germany

Before embarking on your journey to explore the wonders of Germany, let’s delve into some essential facts about this enchanting and diverse country.

Geographical location and borders

Nestled in the heart of Europe, Germany is a huge country with many landscapes and regions to explore. It shares its borders with nine countries, including Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland. Its central location makes it easily accessible for travelers wishing to visit multiple countries during their European adventures. This makes it a popular destination for many, and it is also a good reason for you to visit!

Official language: German

The official language of Germany is German, and while English is widely spoken, especially in tourist areas and larger cities, it’s always helpful to learn a few basic German phrases. Locals appreciate the effort, and it can enrich your cultural experience and interactions during your visit.

Currency: Euro

The currency used in Germany is the Euro (€). Carrying some cash for smaller establishments is advisable, but credit cards are widely accepted in most places. It’s a good idea to notify your bank or credit card company of your travel plans to avoid any issues with card usage while in Germany.

Time zone: Central European Time (CET)

Germany operates on Central European Time, which is UTC+1 during standard time and UTC+2 during daylight saving time. Please keep this in mind when you plan your itinerary and coordinate travel arrangements. However, these days, most phones adapt to your time zones.

Climate and best time to visit

Germany experiences a temperate seasonal climate, with warm summers and cold winters. The best time to visit depends on what you prefer and what regions you plan to explore. Spring (April to June) and autumn (September to October) offer mild temperatures and fewer crowds, making them ideal for city sightseeing and outdoor activities. Summer (June to August) is popular for its festivals and outdoor events, while winter (December to February) brings the magic of Christmas markets and the opportunity to enjoy winter sports in the southern regions.

Top Cities to Visit in Germany

Now that we’ve covered the basic facts about Germany, let’s delve into the top cities you should include in your itinerary when visiting this remarkable country. These cities showcase Germany‘s rich history, stunning architecture, cultural heritage, and unique experiences that will leave you captivated and longing for more.


berlin, germany

When planning your Germany trip, a visit to Berlin, the biggest city in the country, is an absolute must. This vibrant metropolis offers a captivating blend of historical significance, a vibrant culture, and a thriving contemporary scene that will leave a lasting impression.

Historic significance

Berlin stands as a testament to Germany‘s tumultuous past and remarkable resilience. It played a central role in the events of World War II and the subsequent division and reunification of the country. Exploring the remnants of the Berlin Wall and visiting iconic landmarks like the Brandenburg Gate allows visitors to grasp the gravity of this historical period and appreciate the city’s journey towards unity. Today, Berlin is renowned for its forward-thinking attitude, cutting-edge art scene, and vibrant nightlife, making it a hub of creativity and innovation.

Iconic landmarks

Berlin has iconic landmarks showcasing its storied past and architectural grandeur. The Brandenburg Gate, an iconic symbol of unity, is a must-visit site representing Germany‘s reunification. The remnants of the Berlin Wall offer a poignant reminder of the city’s division and subsequent reunification, providing a glimpse into Germany‘s turbulent history. Exploring these landmarks provides a deeper understanding of Berlin’s significance and pivotal role in shaping world events.

World-class museums and art galleries:

Berlin‘s cultural landscape is rich and diverse, offering an array of world-class museums and art galleries. The Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage site, houses renowned institutions like the Pergamon Museum, showcasing ancient artifacts and architectural wonders. The East Side Gallery, a section of the Berlin Wall adorned with vibrant murals, showcases powerful artistic expressions and serves as a testament to the city’s resilience. Additionally, Berlin‘s contemporary art scene thrives with numerous galleries and art spaces exhibiting works by established and emerging artists.


munich, germany

When it comes to experiencing the Bavarian charm and immersing yourself in rich history, you should definitely visit Munich. This vibrant city offers a delightful blend of tradition and modernity, providing an unforgettable experience for visitors.

Bavarian charm and rich history:

Munich exudes a distinct Bavarian charm, characterized by its welcoming atmosphere, friendly locals, and deep-rooted traditions. Moreover, the city showcases its rich history through well-preserved architectural gems like the majestic Nymphenburg Palace. Walking through Munich‘s historic streets, you’ll encounter beautifully adorned buildings, charming squares, and a sense of history that resonates throughout the city.

Oktoberfest and traditional beer gardens:

No visit to Munich is complete without indulging in its world-famous beer culture. Oktoberfest, the largest beer festival in the world, attracts millions of visitors each year who come to enjoy traditional Bavarian beer, delicious food, and lively festivities. Additionally, Munich is renowned for its traditional beer gardens, where locals and tourists gather to savor locally brewed beers and savor Bavarian specialties in a relaxed and friendly atmosphere. These beer halls are an integral part of Munich‘s culture and offer a unique experience for beer enthusiasts.

Nymphenburg Palace and Marienplatz:

Nymphenburg Palace, a magnificent Baroque palace surrounded by stunning gardens, is a testament to Munich‘s royal heritage. Exploring its grand halls and picturesque grounds allows visitors to immerse themselves in the luxury of Bavarian royalty. In the heart of the city, Marienplatz serves as Munich‘s main square and is a hub of activity. The famous Glockenspiel, housed in the New Town Hall, enchants spectators with its charming performance several times a day. Surrounding Marienplatz, you’ll find bustling shops, cafes, and restaurants, creating a vibrant atmosphere that embodies the spirit of Munich.


hamburg, germany

Hamburg, a beautiful city with a picturesque harbor and a rich maritime heritage, is a vibrant destination that captivates both locals and international tourists alike. With its unique blend of history, entertainment, and architectural marvels, Hamburg offers a diverse range of experiences within walking distance, making it an ideal destination for those seeking a city adventure that rivals its bigger counterparts.

Picturesque harbor and maritime heritage:

Hamburg‘s harbor, the Port of Dreams, is a stunning sight, showcasing the city’s deep connection to its maritime roots. Stroll along the waterfront promenade, explore the bustling fish market, and marvel at the impressive ships and containers that vividly depict Hamburg‘s trading heritage. A boat tour along the Elbe River allows visitors to witness the harbor’s grandeur from a different perspective.

Reeperbahn nightlife district:

Hamburg‘s famous Reeperbahn district is a vibrant entertainment hub, offering a lively and diverse nightlife scene. Known as the city’s entertainment mile, it features an array of clubs, bars, and theaters catering to various tastes. So, whether you’re looking for live music, comedy shows, or trendy nightclubs, the Reeperbahn guarantees a memorable evening out in Hamburg.

Miniatur Wunderland and Elbphilharmonie:

Hamburg has two iconic attractions showcasing its creativity and architectural prowess. Miniatur Wunderland, the world’s largest model railway, is a fascinating display of intricate miniature landscapes, bustling cities, and moving trains. It offers a captivating journey through various towns and regions, all in one place. The Elbphilharmonie, a striking concert hall on the waterfront, is a modern architectural marvel. Its unique design and superb acoustics make it a must-visit for music enthusiasts.


cologne, germany

Although smaller than some of Germany’s bigger cities, Cologne holds its charm and boasts a wealth of attractions that make it a must-visit on your Germany trip. This city is renowned for its remarkable Gothic architecture, exemplified by the awe-inspiring Cologne Cathedral. Additionally, Cologne offers unique experiences such as Rhine River cruises and the iconic Hohenzollern Bridge, along with fascinating museums like the Fragrance Museum and the Chocolate Museum.

Gothic architecture, including Cologne Cathedral:

Cologne Cathedral, a UNESCO World Heritage site, stands as a masterpiece of Gothic architecture and is one of the city’s most prominent landmarks. Its towering spires and intricate details leave visitors in awe. Inside, you’ll find stunning stained glass windows and an atmosphere that inspires reflection and admiration. A visit to this architectural marvel is an absolute must for those seeking to appreciate the beauty of Cologne‘s historic treasures.

Rhine River cruises and Hohenzollern Bridge:

Cologne‘s location along the Rhine River provides a perfect opportunity to embark on a scenic river cruise. Drift along the gentle waters, passing picturesque landscapes and charming villages while taking in the beauty of the surrounding scenery. The Hohenzollern Bridge, adorned with countless love locks, offers a stunning view of the river and the cityscape. Walking across the bridge is a popular activity, providing panoramic vistas and an opportunity to be part of a beloved Cologne tradition.

Fragrance Museum and Chocolate Museum:

Cologne is home to unique museums that cater to diverse interests. The Fragrance Museum, located in an 18th-century perfume factory, offers an immersive journey into the world of fragrances. Learn about the history of perfume making and explore the fascinating collection of scents. For chocolate lovers, the Chocolate Museum is a delightful treat. Discover the secrets of chocolate production, indulge in delicious samples, and learn about the cultural significance of this beloved confection.


dresden, germany

Dresden, a city renowned for its Baroque architecture and cultural treasures, beckons visitors to step into a world of architectural splendor and artistic brilliance. With its impressive landmarks, such as the Zwinger Palace and Frauenkirche, and captivating attractions, like the Green Vault and Semper Opera House, Dresden offers a remarkable experience where history, art, and culture intertwine.

Baroque architecture and cultural treasures:

Dresden‘s skyline is adorned with magnificent Baroque structures that reflect the city’s rich architectural heritage. Walking through the city’s historic streets, you’ll be captivated by the beauty of the meticulously designed buildings and grand facades. The city walls echo tales of Dresden‘s storied past and serve as a reminder of its historical significance. Dresden‘s commitment to preserving its cultural treasures is evident in every step, making it a paradise for art and history enthusiasts.

Zwinger Palace and Frauenkirche:

The Zwinger Palace is a true masterpiece of Baroque architecture and an iconic symbol of Dresden. Its stunning courtyards, pavilions, and galleries showcase the opulence and grandeur of the era. Just a short distance away, the magnificent Protestant church, the Frauenkirche, rises majestically and offers breathtaking views from its dome. The restoration of the Frauenkirche after its destruction during World War II is a testament to Dresden‘s resilience and dedication to preserving its cultural heritage.

Green Vault and Semper Opera House:

Dresden‘s cultural treasures extend beyond its architectural marvels. The Green Vault, located within the Royal Palace, houses a dazzling jewelry collection, precious gemstones, and ornate artifacts. It is a treasure trove that provides a glimpse into the opulent lifestyles of Dresden‘s rulers. Another gem of Dresden‘s cultural scene is the Semper Opera House, renowned for its exquisite performances and stunning architecture. Attending a show here is an enchanting experience that transports you to a world of artistic brilliance.


heidelberg, germany

Next on our Germany travel guide is Heidelberg. With its romantic atmosphere and historic university, Heidelberg offers a charming escape from the bustling energy of bigger cities. Nestled along the Neckar River, this enchanting destination captivates visitors with its picturesque setting and many attractions that can be explored within a few hours. From the magnificent Heidelberg Castle and the iconic Old Bridge to the serene Philosophers’ Walk and the meandering Neckar River, Heidelberg invites you to wander its pedestrian streets and immerse yourself in its captivating ambiance.

Romantic atmosphere and historic university:

Heidelberg exudes a romantic ambiance enhanced by its historic university, one of the oldest in Germany. The city’s charming streets, filled with vibrant cafes and shops, create an inviting atmosphere perfect for leisurely strolls. The university’s presence adds a youthful and vibrant energy, making Heidelberg a captivating destination for history enthusiasts and those seeking a romantic escape.

Heidelberg Castle and Old Bridge:

Dominating the city’s skyline, Heidelberg Castle is an iconic symbol of the city’s rich history. This magnificent ruin offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape and provides a glimpse into the grandeur of the past. Another notable landmark is the Old Bridge, a picturesque Neckar River crossing. Its stunning architecture and panoramic vistas make it a popular spot for capturing memorable moments.

Philosophers’ Walk and Neckar River:

For a serene and scenic experience, the Philosophers’ Walk is a must-visit. This peaceful path, nestled on the hillside overlooking the city, offers panoramic views of Heidelberg and the Neckar River. Stunningly, it is a perfect spot to unwind, reflect, and appreciate the beauty of the surrounding nature. The meandering Neckar River invites leisurely boat rides or pleasant walks along its banks, immersing visitors in the tranquil ambiance.

Itinerary: 10-Day Germany Adventure

germany travel itinerary

Lastly, we will end this Germany Travel Guide with a ten-day itinerary

Arrival in Berlin, Day 1

  • Explore the historical sites, such as Brandenburg Gate and Checkpoint Charlie
  • Visit the Museum Island and experience the vibrant art scene
  • Sample local cuisine and enjoy Berlin’s nightlife

Munich, Day 2-3:

  • Visit Nymphenburg Palace and its beautiful gardens
  • Explore Marienplatz and witness the Glockenspiel show
  • Enjoy a day trip to Neuschwanstein Castle or the Bavarian Alps

Hamburg, Day 4-5

  • Explore the iconic Hamburg Harbor and take a boat tour
  • Visit Miniatur Wunderland, the world’s largest model railway
  • Experience the vibrant nightlife in the Reeperbahn district

Cologne, Day 6-7

  • Admire the stunning Cologne Cathedral and climb its tower for panoramic views
  • Take a cruise along the Rhine River and enjoy the picturesque scenery
  • Visit the Fragrance Museum and indulge in chocolate at the Chocolate Museum

Dresden, Day 8-9

  • Explore the impressive Zwinger Palace and its art collections
  • Visit the stunning Frauenkirche and learn about its reconstruction
  • Enjoy an evening at the Semper Opera House for a cultural experience

Heidelberg and Departure, Day 10

  • Wander through the romantic streets of Heidelberg and visit Heidelberg Castle
  • Take a stroll along the Philosophers’ Walk for breathtaking views
  • Depart from Frankfurt or Stuttgart airports

General Tips for Traveling in Germany

germany travel tips

To ensure a successful trip to Germany and make the most of your visit to this captivating country, keep the following general tips in mind. Moreover, check out our blog post about budget-friendly hotels in Germany here. So let’s continue our Germany travel guide with some general tips!

Transportation options:

Germany boasts a well-connected and efficient public transportation system, making it easy to explore the country. Trains, buses, and domestic flights are readily available options for traveling between cities and regions. Utilizing Germany‘s public transportation network can save you money and offer convenience when navigating major cities and venturing into the scenic countryside.

Importance of learning a few basic German phrases:

While many Germans speak English, learning a few basic German phrases can enhance your travel experience and facilitate interactions. Moreover, simple greetings like thank you, and please can go a long way in showing respect for the local culture and fostering connections with locals, particularly in more rural areas.

Cultural etiquette and customs to be aware of:

Familiarize yourself with German cultural etiquette and customs to ensure a smooth and respectful experience. Punctuality is highly valued, so be on time for appointments and reservations. When greeting someone, a firm handshake is customary. It’s also essential to respect personal space and be quiet in public places, particularly in more formal settings.

Safety precautions and emergency contact information:

While Germany is generally safe, it’s important to take common-sense safety precautions. Keep an eye on your belongings, especially in crowded areas, and be aware of your surroundings. It’s a good idea to have emergency contact information readily available, including the local authorities and the nearest embassy or consulate of your home country.

Tipping etiquette and value-added tax (VAT) refunds:

Tipping in Germany is customary, but less prevalent than in other countries. It is common to round up the bill or leave a 5-10% tip for good service. As a non-EU resident, you may be eligible for a Value Added Tax (VAT) refund on larger purchases. Familiarize yourself with the process and keep your receipts to potentially save money during your visit.

One of the highlights of visiting Germany is indulging in the country’s delectable cuisine. Don’t miss the opportunity to sample traditional dishes such as bratwurst (sausages), pretzels, sauerkraut, schnitzel, and regional specialties.

Moreover, beer enthusiasts should explore Germany‘s rich brewing heritage and taste the wide variety of beers on offer. Immerse yourself in the culinary delights of Germany to truly savor the flavors of the country.

With these general tips, you can efficiently navigate Germany‘s public transportation system, respect local customs, and ensure a safe and enjoyable journey. Explore the country’s major cities, delve into its rich history, and visit the great museums that showcase Germany‘s cultural heritage. Indulge in the local cuisine, embrace the central European charm, and create lasting memories as you embark on your adventure through Germany.


When it comes to budget travel, Germany offers a range of options for all types of travelers. While it may not be the cheapest destination in Europe, it is still possible to have an affordable trip with careful planning. Accommodation options vary, from budget hostels to mid-range hotels, allowing you to find something that suits your budget. Public transportation, such as trains and buses, is efficient and reasonably priced, making it an excellent option for getting around. Dining out can range from inexpensive street food to more upscale restaurants, giving you flexibility depending on your budget. Additionally, there are plenty of free or low-cost attractions, including parks, museums with discounted or free admission days, and walking tours. By being mindful of your spending and making smart choices, it is certainly possible to have an enjoyable and budget-friendly trip to Germany.

Make sure you check out our post about how to save money while traveling here to make sure you get the most out of your trip!


Germany, a captivating country in Central Europe, offers diverse experiences for travelers. From exploring historical landmarks to savoring local cuisine and embracing vibrant cities, Germany has something for everyone. Discover the dynamic art scene in Berlin, Heidelberg‘s romantic charm, and Hamburg‘s maritime heritage. Embrace the culture, try traditional beer gardens, and immerse yourself in German history. Make the most of your trip by planning an itinerary that combines significant cities and hidden gems. Explore Germany‘s treasures and create unforgettable memories on your visit.

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